Natural Park of the Coral Sea Natural Park (Parc Naturel)
From the New Caledonia government's Natural Park of the Coral Sea website:
Since the Coral sea natural park was created in April 2014, measures have been taken concerning the entire maritime space covered by the natural park. Current regulations are as follows :
Deep-sea fishing is closely monitored in New Caledonia by a network of scientific and institutional partners. After a few difficult years, the deep-sea fishing industry has taken measures to try to become profitable thanks to the joint involvement of the aforementioned network and professionals from the industry.
Because the market remains narrow, professionals have been trying to find new exportation markets while diversifying local supplies. Despite its fragile balance, deep-sea fishing can be considered as an example of a sector on the road to success.
Fishing licenses are granted by the Government of New Caledonia. It should be noted that they are restricted to local vessels, the longliners. Once a vessel holds a fishing license in the Coral Sea natural park, it must respect certain regulations:
Vessels authorized to fish in New Caledonia’s maritime space are subjected to satellite monitoring (VMS : Vessel Monitoring System). This system put in place in early 2005 allows the real time monitoring of vessel movements when they are in the Natural Park of the Coral Sea. Satellite complements other monitoring tools, notably fishing forms, by pointing out the gaps in statistics provided by ship-owners.
Every ship-owner whose vessel holds a license and is authorized to fish must, for each campaign, provide statistics regarding its activity. These information (information on the ship, fishing effort, catches) are detailed on fishing forms whose format has been determined by the administration in charge. As far as the form format used for tuna fishing is concerned, it is developed by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) and the Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA), and it is used by member countries. Why use a set format for this form ? So that the information provided can be used to compile statistics for the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission.
From Eco Watch:
In June 2014 by legislative decree, New Caledonia President Harold Martin and the French territory’s political leadership legally established the Natural Park of the Coral Sea (Le Parc Naturel de la Mer de Corail). The new law brings under careful management a multi-use, marine protected area which totals a massive 1.3 million km2, making it the largest protected area in the world. Essential to people, biodiversity and climate resilience, the park’s ecosystems generate around 2,500-3,000 tons of fish each year, providing food to New Caledonia’s quarter of a million people and an economic driver for the territory’s sustainable economy.
Over the next three years, Conservation International experts in New Caledonia and the region will help the government shape the park’s spatial planning and management plan, fund key scientific research to inform that plan, and integrate New Caledonia’s contributions within the Pacific Oceanscape and Big Ocean Network. The management plan will use best practices for integrated management and the protection of ecosystems, habitats and species. It will also strengthen monitoring strategies, preserving cultural values and work to increase international visibility.
In the next phase of the park’s development, the levels of protection will be defined. Ultimately, the Natural Park of the Coral Sea will be a multiple use area with various zones for economic activity and conservation.
From Conservation International website:
New Caledonia, a French overseas territory, is home to a rich variety of underwater life, including more than 1,700 fish and 473 coral species. Its waters span 1.3 million square kilometers (463,323 square miles) and include one of the world’s largest lagoons.
In April 2014, the government of New Caledonia took an important step toward protecting these vast waters by creating the Coral Sea Natural Park. That action provided a framework for safeguarding and managing the territory’s exclusive economic zone.
Pew is working to establish highly protected large reserves within the park, areas where fishing and extractive activities would be prohibited. Protection at this level would allow for the recovery of depleted fish populations, help to preserve New Caledonia’s exceptional marine environment, and protect the migratory routes of large marine mammals and turtles.
'Big support' for more protection of New Caledonia waters (15 Mar 2017) Radio New Zealand
Original data record from World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) via ProtectedPlanet.net [view record on site].