Nabq Managed Resource Protected Area (MRPA) has a marine area of approximately 122 km2 extending 47 km along the western coast of the Gulf of Aqaba (Red Sea), and is part of the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency’s system of South Sinai Protectorates . Although development and fishing is restricted within Nabq MRPA, artisanal fishing by the local Bedouin population is permitted using traditional methods [29–31]. The subsistence fishery for herbivorous fish (Scaridae, Siganidae, Acanthuridae) occurs mostly on the reef edge, reef flat and in lagoonal channels using trammel and gill-nets. On the reef slope and deeper lagoons, hook and hand-lines are used to catch predatory fish species (Epinephelidae, Lutjanidae, Lethrinidae) which have a high commercial value .The northern 15 km of the MRPA is designated as a scientific reserve, while the remaining coastline is divided into a series of take- and no-take zones with the no-take zones collectively covering approximately 5 km of coastline. These no-take zones, which prohibit all fishing activity, were established in 1995 in consultation with the local Bedouin fisherman to ensure the sustainability of the fishery. This network of small no-take zones was designed to maximise the accessibility of the fished zones to fishermen, as well as to benefit the fishery through the spillover of fish from the no-take zones into these adjacent areas where fishing was allowed [30,32].
Of the five no-take zones, the no-take zone at South El Ghargana is the most extensively studied. It was created in an area that was previously moderately fished and is located between two fished areas or take-zones. The take-zone to the North, El Ghargana, is located opposite the Bedouin village of El Ghargana and is one of the most heavily fished sites in Nabq MRPA due to its ease of access and close proximity to the village. It has relatively high yields and low catch per unit effort compared to the less heavily fished southern take-zone, El Sohop [29,30]. Previous studies performed two, five , and seven years  after the establishment of the South El Ghargana no-take zone, found that the size and abundance of several species of the targeted predatory fish families, Lethrinidae, Lutjanidae, and Epinephelidae (previously Serranidae), were significantly greater in the no-take zone compared to the surrounding fished areas to the north and south.
Contacts & Resources
Original data record from World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) via ProtectedPlanet.net [view record on site].