The Wadi El Gemal Nationa Park ( meaning "Valley of the Camels" ) is an extensive area of land and coastal water lying to the south of Marsa Alam. It includes many diverse ecological habitats and a rich variety of animal and bird types including several endangered species. The area was designated a National Park by the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency in January 2003.
It covers a total of some 5,000 square kilometres including several islands, a stretch of mangrove rich coast line and an extensive mountainous area inland which surround one of Egypt's largest desert wadis.
The Wadi El Gemal acts to channel any water from the mountains towards the coastline but some is trapped underground which is a key factor supporting the area's vibrant ecosystem.
WADI EL GEMAL ISLAND
With it's beautiful coral reefs, extensive sea grass beds, crystal clear waters, and amazing wildlife this island is one of the top destinations for visitors.
You can get there by a day boat from Shams Alam diving centre. Steven can arrange this for you - email email@example.com. The island is a haven for dugongs, turtles and a vast variety of migrating sea birds and has been designated as "an important bird area" by Bird Life International.
In order to ensure the Island's fragile ecology only twenty tourists are allowed to visit the island at a time for a maximum of three hours and only during daylight hours.
It was officially declared a national park in 2003. The park covers an area of approximately 7,000 km2, comprising of 4,770 km2 of land and 2,000 km2 of marine waters. The desert sea contrast makes this park’s one of Egypt’s gems.
biodiversity of plant species
The park’s affluent biodiversity is comprised of plant species such as Acacia trees, Balanites aegyptiaca, Tamarix aphylla and medicinal plants like the Anastatica hierochuntica said to be used traditionally for the treatment of menstrual cramps, asthma, high blood pressure, headaches and fatigue.
biodiversity of mammals species
The park hosts large mammals such as the Nubian Ibex, Dorcas Gazelle and African Wild Ass. Reptiles calling the park their home include the Jerboa and Horned Viper. Bird species in the park include the Striated Heron, the Western Reef Heron, the Spoonbill, the Osprey, the Caspian Tern and several protected falcons such as the Sooty Falcon.
biodiversity of marine species
The park is most famous for its crystal clear waters boasting a large diversity of marine species such as sea turtles, dolphins, dugongs, sharks, snappers, emperors, goatfish, wrasses, parrotfish, sturgeonfish, rabbitfish and much more!
Wadi El Gamal National Park
. It is 7,450 square kilometres (2,880 sq mi) in size, including 4,770 square kilometres (1,840 sq mi) of land and 2,100 square kilometres (810 sq mi) of marine space.
The coastal area features coral reefs with 450 species of coral and over 1200 species of fish. Approximately 17% of the marine life is native to the
It also includes five islands, including Wadi El Gamal Island. These islands are a breeding ground for 13 bird species, and local sea grasses are important sources of food for the endangered