The Charlie-Gibbs South Marine Protected Area in an area of 145,420 km2 in the southern part of the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone and a component of the OSPAR Network of Marine Protected Areas. The Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone (CGFZ) refers to a major topographical feature that divides the Mid-Atlantic Ridge into a northern and southern section. The CGFZ is a system of two main parallel deep rift valleys running perpendicular to the main ridge axis.
As of December 2010, the OSPAR Network of MPAs comprises a total of 181 sites, including 175 MPAs situated within national waters of Contracting Parties (CP) and six ABNJ MPAs. Collectively, these sites cover 439,679 km² or 3.15 % of the OSPAR maritime area in the North-East Atlantic. As the vast majority of sites have been designated in CPs‟ territorial waters, overall coverage of coastal waters by OSPAR MPAs is consequently higher at 14.1%. Overall coverage of offshore areas, i.e. the Exclusive Economic Zones of CPs, by OSPAR MPAs remains very low at 0.56%. The distribution of MPAs across the five OSPAR Regions is likewise imbalanced, resulting in major gaps of the MPA Network. The Greater North Sea, the Wider Atlantic and the Celtic Seas are the best represented OSPAR Regions, with 6.25%, 4.65%, and 3.53% coverage by OSPAR MPAs respectively. While coverage of the Arctic Waters is at 1.36%, the Bay of Biscay and Iberian Coast has less than 1% protected by OSPAR MPAs.
The aims of the OSPAR MPA Network are:
to protect, conserve and restore species, habitats and ecological processes which have been adversely affected by human activities;
to prevent degredation of, and damage to, species, habitats and ecological processess, following the precautionary principle; and
to protect and conserve areas that best represent the range of species, habitats and ecological processes in the maritime area.
Contacts & Resources
Original data record from World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) via ProtectedPlanet.net [view record on site].