The Ras Mohammed National Park, established in 1983, was the first protected area in Egypt. It incorporates the Southern Sinai Peninsula area of Ras Mohammed, and its surrounding reef. Following its success, and the growing need for protective measures (in 1967 Sharm el Sheikh was little more than a fishing village; by 1995 it boasted 40 international hotels, 32 dive centres and 240 dive boats), the area has gradually expanded to encompass all marine coastal environments along the whole 250 km of the Sinai coast. In the Managed Resource Protected areas of Nabq and Abu Galum, as well as on the island of Tiran, traditional grazing and fishing by Bedouin is allowed, but no development. Dr. Rupert Ormond, the director of the UK National Facility for Marine Biology Fieldwork (who was instrumental in the establishment of the Ras Mohammed National Park), stresses that tourism aside, fisheries would have destroyed the reef completely by now if it were not for Park regulations.