Marine Conservation Institute, recognizing the need for more and better ocean protection, is leading a major initiative to protect 30% of the ocean by 2030. Launched in 2017, Blue Parks is an innovative strategy to incentivize decision makers to establish protected areas that safeguard marine life and promote opportunities for sustainable tourism. Learn more about the program at blueparks.org
Habitat types: Moderately exposed, rocky coastline and intertidal area interspersed with isolated sandy coves and alleys. Subtidal habitat is mixed rocky reef, containing numerous crevices, with sand. Giant kelp populations are healthy and stable. Rocky subtidal areas support a variety of macroalgae species. Surfgrass occurs subtidally around South Point and patches of eelgrass occur in Johnson's Lee. Rocky intertidal once supported populations of black abalone, and rocky subtidal contains remnant populations of red and black abalone. The nearshore shelf drops off to sandy plateaus at about 70 feet. Two deeper reefs occur at South Point, at 90 feet and 120 feet.
Surrounding habitat types: Johnson's Lee includes shallow reef and sand habitats. To the west habitats are more similar to the western edge of this MPA, with mixed rocky reef and sand.
Summary of existing regulations: No take is allowed.
Primary objectives: A state marine reserve by definition may achieve one or more of the following goals:
Protect or restore rare, threatened or endangered native plants, animals, or habitats in marine areas;
Protect or restore outstanding, representative, or imperiled marine species, communities, habitats, and ecosystems;
Protect or restore diverse marine gene pools;
Contribute to the understanding and management of marine resources and ecosystems by providing the opportunity for scientific research in outstanding, representative, or imperiled marine habitats or ecosystems.
Existing Enforcement: Included as part of normal Department of Fish and Game marine patrol activities for this general area based on available patrol resources and level of fishery activity in the area. Channel Islands MPAs have been given a high priority for enforcement. A new, 54 foot, patrol vessel and several smaller vessels have been dedicated to Island patrols. National Park island rangers are present on the island.
Basic Evaluation: This is a recently established marine protected area. Refer to above review of baseline and ongoing monitoring and research studies.