Marine Conservation Institute, recognizing the need for more and better ocean protection, is leading a major initiative to protect 30% of the ocean by 2030. Launched in 2017, Blue Parks is an innovative strategy to incentivize decision makers to establish protected areas that safeguard marine life and promote opportunities for sustainable tourism. Learn more about the program at blueparks.org
Habitat types: Protected rocky shoreline interspersed with gravel beaches. Rocky habitat in intertidal area, broken by occasional patches of coarse sand, extends offshore to about 40 feet deep. There are numerous emergent rocks which provide roosting sites for seabirds. With the exception of the Anacapa Natural Area (now incorporated into the SMR), rocky subtidal reefs are dominated by urchins and brittle stars. Within the previously designated Natural Area is a lush kelp forest and a diverse assemblage of associated species. Patches of surfgrass grow on rocks in the subtidal area throughout the SMR, particularly in protected inlets. At about 60 feet, the continental shelf extends to low relief rubble and compacted sand. A large boulder field extends from about 80 to 100 feet. Muddy sloping terrain occurs near "Rickett's Rock".
Surrounding habitat types: Habitats are similar to those described in Anacapa SMCA below. Habitats on the south side of Anacapa include larger amounts of hard substrate in the deeper regions.
Summary of existing regulations: No take is allowed.
Primary objectives: A state marine reserve by definition may achieve one or more of the following goals:
Protect or restore rare, threatened or endangered native plants, animals, or habitats in marine areas;
Protect or restore outstanding, representative, or imperiled marine species, communities, habitats, and ecosystems;
Protect or restore diverse marine gene pools;
Contribute to the understanding and management of marine resources and ecosystems by providing the opportunity for scientific research in outstanding, representative, or imperiled marine habitats or ecosystems.
Existing Enforcement: Included as part of normal Department of Fish and Game marine patrol activities for this general area based on available patrol resources and level of fishery activity in the area. Channel Islands MPAs have been given a high priority for enforcement. A new, 54 foot, patrol vessel and several smaller vessels have been dedicated to Island patrols. National Park island rangers are present on the island.
Basic Evaluation: This is a recently established marine protected area which also incorporates the only area within the Channel Islands (Anacapa Island Natural Area) which previously was fully protected. Data from the Natural Area suggest that this SMR can benefit greatly from protection in terms of increasing the density, spawning biomass, and individual size of resident fish populations. In addition, refer to above review of baseline and ongoing monitoring and research studies.