Marine Conservation Institute, recognizing the need for more and better ocean protection, is leading a major initiative to protect 30% of the ocean by 2030. Launched in 2017, Blue Parks is an innovative strategy to incentivize decision makers to establish protected areas that safeguard marine life and promote opportunities for sustainable tourism. Learn more about the program at blueparks.org
Habitat types: High relief rocky shoreline, increasingly exposed to the west. Eastern portion of shoreline is rocky, descending to broken reef and bolder fields at depths of about 80 feet. Western portion of shoreline is also rocky, descending rapidly to a steep muddy slope. Nearshore rocky habitats support patchy populations of giant kelp and surfgrass. A steep rocky reef occurs off the western tip of the island. The SMCA encompasses one of only two brown pelican breeding and fledging areas in North America.
Surrounding habitat types: See Anacapa SMR habitat description for habitat types to the east and south.
Summary of existing regulations: No take of living, geological, or cultural resources is allowed except for the recreational take of spiny lobster spiny lobster (Panulirus interruptus) and pelagic finfish1 and the commercial take of spiny lobster.
No net or trap may be used in waters less than 20 feet deep off the Anacapa Islands commonly referred to as Anacapa Island.
A brown pelican fledgling area is designated from the mean high tide mark seaward to a water depth of 20 fathoms (120 feet) on the north side of West Anacapa Island between a line extending 000° True off Portuguese Rock (34° 00.91' N. lat. 119° 25.26' W. long.) to a line extending 000° True off the western edge of Frenchy's Cove (34° 00.4' N. lat. 119° 24.6' W. long.), a distance of approximately 4,000 feet. No person except department employees or employees of the National Park in the performance of their official duties shall enter this area during the period January 1 to October 31.
Primary objectives: A state marine conservation area by definition may achieve one or more of the following goals:
Protect or restore rare, threatened or endangered native plants, animals, or habitats in marine areas;
Protect or restore outstanding, representative, or imperiled marine species, communities, habitats, and ecosystems;
Protect or restore diverse marine gene pools;
Contribute to the understanding and management of marine resources and ecosystems by providing the opportunity for scientific research in outstanding, representative, or imperiled marine habitats or ecosystems;
Preserve outstanding or unique geological features;
Provide for sustainable living marine resource harvest.
Existing Enforcement: Included as part of normal Department of Fish and Game marine patrol activities for this general area based on available patrol resources and level of fishery activity in the area. Channel Islands MPAs have been given a high priority for enforcement. A new, 54 foot, patrol vessel and several smaller vessels have been dedicated to Island patrols. National Park island rangers are present on the island.
Basic Evaluation: This is a recently established marine protected area. Refer to above review of baseline and ongoing monitoring and research studies.