Galápagos Marine Reserve (Reserva Marina)
The waters surrounding the Galápagos islands have already been protected since 1998 by the Galápagos Marine Reserve, which spans more than 50,000 square miles around the archipelago and is listed as a World Heritage Site. However, while industrial fishing was banned inside the reserve, smaller-scale artisanal fishing was still permitted throughout most of the area. The new sanctuary will designate several areas within the marine reserve as “no-take” zones, meaning no fishing will be permitted at all.
The largest section of the new sanctuary will include nearly 15,000 square miles of ocean surrounding Darwin and Wolf, the two northernmost islands in the archipelago, as well as several other smaller areas around the rest of the Galápagos islands. In these places, scientific expeditions and tourism will be permitted — but no “taking” of natural resources, including fishing. Overall, about a third of the entire Galápagos Marine Reserve will now be designated as a no-take zone.
From Official Galapagos Park website (last updated in 2013)
"The creation of the Galapagos Marine Reserve dates back several decades. Aware of the fragility of the marine ecosystems considering the increasing human activity on the Islands, the Terrestrial Management Plan of the National Park of 1974 already recommended the protection of a two nautical mile stretch of sea around each island.
|RESERVA MARINA DE GALÁPAGOS
The waters around the Galapagos Islands at a distance of 40 miles are protected.
With the Organic Law of Special Regime for the Conservation and Sustainable Development of the Galapagos (LOREG) of 1998, the protected area is extended and formally becomes the Galapagos Marine Reserve (GMR).
The area between the islands of the Marine Reserve is 133,000 square kilometers of sea surface. It includes the inland waters of the Islands (50,100 km²) and the entire area within 40 nautical miles measured from the coasts of the outer Islands.
In 2001, the GMR was included in the list of World Heritage Sites, thus recognizing its enormous ecological, cultural, and economic value for the conservation and maintenance of unique species in the world.
Natural Marine Areas (Marine reserve)
1. MULTIPLE USE ZONE
IActivities include fishing, tourism, science, conservation, navigation and maneuvers (Patrol, SAR, etc.). This area will be mainly in deep waters that are inside and outside the baseline.
2. LIMITED USE ZONE
Uses subject to additional restrictions, in order to protect environment, resources or activities that are important and remarkably sensitive to alterations.
a) Comparison and Protection Subzone.
These areas serve as witness (or control areas) in measuring the effects of human use, areas to study the biodiversity and ecology in the absence of human impact. In these zones only science and education is allowed. No fishing or tourism is allowed.
b) Conservation and Non-extractive use Subzone.
The main use is for water tourism, but can also include science, conservation and education. In this subzone some or all of the following activities are allowed: snorkeling, scuba diving, panga rides and whale observations from the boat.
c) Conservation and Extractive and Non-extractive Use Subzone.
The extractive uses include artisanal fishing, navigation, education, science, tourism, patrolling, S.A.R. and military maneuvers. These additional controls and regulations will vary depending on the sensitivity of the site, state of the exploited resource, needs of other users, etc.
d) Temporary Special Management Area.
Eventually, temporary specially managed areas for experiment or recovery may be determined over established zones, the extent shall be defined for each case by the Participatory Management Board at the proposal of any sector, to be approved by the IMA.
3. PORT AREA
This zone corresponds to waters near the 5 ports of the archipelago (Puerto Ayora, Baltra, Puerto Baquerizo Moreno, Puerto Villamil and Puerto Velasco Ibarra). Each zone may have subzones to control, allow or restrict certain activities. These subzones may be the following:
a) Experimental Subzone.
Temporary subzone category. This is an area that is under a special management regime for purposes of experimentation.
b) Recovery Subzone.
Temporary subzone category. Is an area that has suffered degradation, for whatever reason (e.g. over-exploitation, pollution, physical damage from tourism, storm damage, El Niño), the JMP can declare and define a recovery area, with complete protection and/or special regulations to help its recovery. The designation of Recovery Zone will remain until the JMP decides to withdraw it."
HuffPost Green - Protecting the Galapagos from illegal fishing (July 15, 2015)
Original data record from World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) via ProtectedPlanet.net [view record on site].