An initiative of Marine Conservation Institute

Regional & National Promises

 

National MPA Targets

Many countries have established national targets, accompanied by action plans and implementations. Many countries are also collaborating with each other to establish effective regional conservation plans (Table from UNEP: National and Regional Networks of Marine Protected Areas: A review of Progress 2012)

Country

Plan of Action

America -Samoa

20% of reefs to be potected as no-take areas 2010

Bahamas

20% of the marine ecosystem to be fully protected (no-take) for fisheries replenishment; 20% of coastal and marine habitats to be protected by 2020 (Caribbean Challenge)

Belize

20% of all bioregions. 30% of Coral reefs. 60% of turtle nesting sites. 30% of Manatee distribution. 60% of American crocodile nesting. 80% of spawning aggregations

Brazil

National MPA system by 2012

Chile

10% of marine area protected by 2010. National marine network of conservation and management sites by 2015.

Colombia - San Andres Archipelago

Seaflower MPA, 2000 km2 to be no-take

Cuba

22% of continental shelf protected (14.678 km2), including: 15% of the Insular shelf 25% of Coral reefs 25% of each subtype of Wetlands

Dominican Republic

20% of marine and coastal habitats to be protected by 2020 (Caribbean Challenge)

Fed States of Micronesia

30% of nearshore marine ecosystems protected by 2020 (Micronesia Challenge)

Fiji

30% of coral reefs protected by 2015. 30% of waters managed as an MPA network by 2020

Germany

38% of watesr as MPAs (no set date)

Grenada

25% of nearshore marine resources protected by 2020 (Caribbean Challenge)

Guam

30% of nearshore marine ecosystem protected by 2020 (Micronesia Challenge)

Indonesia

100,000 km2 protected by 2010; 200,000 km2 by 2020

Jamaica

20% of marine and coastal habitats to be protected by 2020 (Caribbean Challenge)

Madagascar

100,000 km2 marine waters protected by 2012

Marshall Islands

30% of nearshore marine ecosystems protected by 2020 (Micronesia Challenge)

New Zealand

10% of marine environment protected by 2010

Northern Marianas

30% of nearshore marine ecosystems protected by 2020 (Micronesia Challenge)

Palau

30% of nearshore marine ecosystems protected by 2020 (Micronesia Challenge)

Philippines

10% fully protected (no-take) by 2020

Senegal

Creation of MPA network (no set date)

St. Vincent and the Grenadines

20% of marine and coastal habitats to be protected by 2020 (Caribbean Challenge)

Tanzania

10% of sea protected by 2010; 20% of seas by 2025

United Kingdom

Network of Marine Conservation Zones (MCZs) to be established by 2020

United States

A national system of marine protected areas with no set deadline, currently includes 297 member sites; Central California - 29 MPAs covering 18% of state coastal waters (528 km2), with 243 km2 as no-take areas