Egypt has seven coastal and Marine PAs located in the Red Sea and Al-Aqaba Gulf zones, except El Sallum PA located in the Mediterranean Sea. These PAs cover an area of approximately 50,000 km2. They include interconnected marine and terrestrial sectors based on conserving coral reefs and accompanying systems, marine biomes, mangrove bushes, marine islands and adjacent mountain and desert areas. Protected areas in the Aqaba Gulf in the South Sinai Governorate include Ras Mohamed, Nabq, and Abu Galum protectorates. In the Red Sea Governorate, there are the Elba, Red Sea Islands and Wadi el Gemal/Hamata protectorates. The Sallum protectorate is located in the Matrouh Governorate. Although a good percent of Egypt’s coastline currently falls within marine protected areas; waters further offshore are generally poorly protected. Marine biozones on the east coast are least protected and most threatened.